Birds of St. Charles County, MO
Barn Owl

Barn Owl
Tyto alba

Size: 13-16"; 39 to 49-inch wingspan

Male: Medium-sized, round-headed owl with white or mostly white underside. Heart-shaped, white face. Tawny back, marked with black and white spots. Has long legs, dark eyes, and lacks ear tufts.

Female: Same as male but smaller in size.

Juvenile: Covered in a buff wooly down the first 50 days, then replaced by adult plumage.

Nest: Nests in tree hollows, as well as in old buildings, caves, or thick foliage. One brood per year.

Eggs: 4-11 laid at 2 or 3 day intervals; white with no markings

Incubation: 30-40 days; female incubates

Fledging: 50-55 days; male and female feed young

Migration: The Barn Owl is endangered in the state of Missouri but has been spotted rarely in St. Charles County year round.

Food: Small mammals, bats, frogs, lizards, birds, and insects.

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